Fine Motor Skills
Visual Perception Skills
Occupational therapists concentrate on the visual perceptual and visual sequential
memory aspects of reading and spelling skills, and can
assist with a child's sight word acquisition.
OTs may screen auditory memory skills, however for more in
depth-testing and treatment of auditory memory weaknesses
children should be referred to a speech pathologist.
Occupational therapists do not have the
expertise to assess and treat expressive and receptive language
weaknesses or articulation difficulties. (A child
with receptive language weaknesses may not understand instructions
at school or home. A child with expressive language weaknesses
may not speak in a manner appropriate for their age, or their speech may be
unclear and difficult to understand.)
OTs do not have expertise in treating children with stuttering
problems. Speech pathologists are a great assistance with
stuttering problems in adults and children alike.
Speech and language pathologists are experts in the field
of phonological awareness and its development in children.
OTs do not have expertise in this area and will refer to a
speech pathologist if there are concerns with phonological